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Saturday 14 June 2014


I can get on line tomorrow...

Pax vobiscum.

Happy Father's Day Tomorrow

To all dads...Here is my dad below, who is 91, with my niece.

Do not forget Our Father in Heaven...and to all the priests we call "Father".

The Pope Is Absolutely Correct Here

'At the centre of all economic systems must be man, man and woman, and everything else must be in service of this man.

'But we have put money at the centre, the god of money. We have fallen into a sin of idolatry, the idolatry of money.'

Read more:
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Oh My Goodness-You ALL Need To Read This

Perfection Series II: St. Angela Part Thirteen

Continuing with St. Angela, I can answer a question asked of me by several readers. Why is it, they want to know, that the life of the virtues can only come to fruition after the purgation of the Dark Night?

Two mains reasons, one of which I have written on in the Dark Night series last year, involve the same movement of the soul.

The first is the recognition of sin and the removal of all sin. This means one must resolve not to commit venial sin and allow God to take away imperfections.

The second reason rests in the long discussion of St. Angela on humility. Humility, which should come from the first stage of recognizing sin and repenting of sin, forms the basis for the life of the virtues.

Angela notes that faith, hope and love only come into being and are only fruitful when one is humble.

One realizes the need for faith and obedience to God, His Scriptures and the Church only in humility. One asks for faith in humility. Those who are still in rebellion and disobedient do not ask for faith, because they are not humble.

One realizes that one can hope for salvation and the final union with God in heaven only after one is humble. No proud person can experience real hope, as this person would be relying on his own achievements and talents.

Love flows out of humility and one of the most beautiful sections in the book by St. Angela reveals that only the humble can truly love.

Let me put her ideas in the form of rhetorical questions.

Do you want to serve the ill, comforting them, caring for their needs? If not, why not? The humble realize those who are ill rely on others, and the humble know empathy.

Do you want to serve the poor, befriending them, and taking a personal interest in their needs? If not, why not? Could it be that pride keeps you from seeing that except by God’s grace and bounty, you would be poor as well? Do you grieve with the poor and unfortunate, or judge them?

Do you understand the role of Mary, Our Mother, in the Church? If not, why not? Could it be that you do not want to identify with the most humble creature ever made?

The basis for the virtues is humility and those caught up in egoism will never experience the life of the virtues.

The basis of humility is prayer, prayer, prayer. St. Angela speaks to me personally when she writes that Christ gave us the example of praying for everything. “Pray if thou desirest faith; pray if thou desirest hope; pray if thou desirest love, or poverty, or obedience, or chastity; pray is thou desirest any virtue whatsoever.”

Constant and persistent prayer cannot be overlooked in the pursuit of perfection. Prayer must be the center of our lives. All of our energies and minds must be centered on Christ and His ways.

People say they have no time for prayer. I have no time for trivia.

To be continued….

Dear Readers

If you send me a comment of more than three or four short sentences, I cannot read the end unless I publish it.

Some of you are sending me comments which you do not want published. However, if you write a long comment, I cannot read more than half of it.

If you are sending me e-mails, as some readers do, please put that information in the first sentence. Same with phone numbers.

Otherwise, I cannot see those.

So, please those who have done this recently, resend a comment and put your info first. Thanks.


Perfection Series II: St. Angela Part Twelve

Interesting that St. Angela Foligno writes something which came to me years ago-that God the Father suffered with Christ on the Cross, and that part of Christ’s sufferings were those inflicted by ungrateful children on the Father.

The Trinity did not experience a “separation” because of the Incarnation. Too often, people see the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit not as Three Persons in One God, but as three gods.


The mystery of the Incarnation includes the involvement of God the Father and the Holy Spirit in the redemption of all humans, as well as the renewal of the earth.

The Three Persons are distinct, but One as well.

When Christ called out on the Cross, “My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me,” that was the Humanity of Christ calling out as He was allowed to feel what each human feels when in sin; the supposed abandonment of God.

Christ was not totally forsaken by God, but just as we sometimes feel forsaken because of our sins, so, too, did God the Father allow this suffering to be endured by His Son.

We cannot understand the Trinity. But, we can appreciate the love and commitment of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit in Their Love for us.

St. Angela knew this, not only intellectually, but in the core of her being.

To be continued

Perfection Series II: St. Angela Part Eleven

St. Angela wrote before the Protestant Revolt. She would be intrigued and upset by the millions of Christians who do not see the value of redemptive suffering, but continually see suffering as only punishment from God.

That suffering is a direct result from sin is obviously true. But, too many of our separated brethren cannot see the value of following the afflictions of body and soul which Christ endured.

St. Angela states again and again that following Christ in the narrow way of suffering is the only way to heaven for us lowly sinners.

Those of us who struggle with giving up our self-wills to God understand the need for suffering. Those who flee from tribulation cannot see the madness of such activities as seeking constantly after comforts and happiness in this world.

The fact that God has given us a prime example of how to be holy in this world is a fact no Christian can ignore.

St. Angela states this: “For being vile simmers, not only do we refuse to take those sufferings upon us as a penance, but we do resist even when God in His supreme mercy and wisdom sendeth them upon us in order thereby to save us and purge us from evil; we do flee from them and refuse them impatiently, murmuring and lamenting grievously against them, eagerly seeking consolations and remedies whereby we may be relieved from these tribulations.”

Why is it so hard to understand that trials bring about the life of virtue?  When we have difficulties, we storm heaven and as St. Angela states, “…we do weary God and the saints with constant prayers, with promises and vows of fasting, pilgrimages, and atonements. Thus merely that we may be spared those pains and afflictions which are profitable unto us and are sent from God, we do all these and many other things which we would not do for the remission of our sins or the good of our soul.”

The heroic virtue of patience is thus set aside. The courage which comes from endurance is missed.  The chances to break away from pride and vainglory are passed by for
momentary comforts.

It takes a maturity to stop praying for relief of suffering and to accept it fully, facing all the hardships and necessities for us to be made perfect.

I am just learning this myself.  Having to phone homeless shelters to find out if there were any rooms smashed most, (not all), of my false pride in my own achievements and status. Being refused jobs which I could easily do and for which I have experience has shown me that God is the only door to success-not myself, nor even reliance on others.

“Put not your trust in princes,” has never been more true than now, after I have written to all those in power I could think of in order to return to the country I love the most.

St. Angela tells me to seek nothing else but suffering. One finally gives in to the mystery ways of God.

Now, if one does this merely to suffer, one is crazy. But the goal is this-union with the Beloved Bridegroom.

Is that not worth all discomfort and pain?

Returning to the Song of Songs, one sees, as I have noted on this blog before, the removal of the Bridegroom from the Bride. This is a necessary part of the purgation of the predominant fault. And, the only way is through suffering.

What makes all the difference is the glimpse of God, the hand of the Bridegroom on the doorknob, the small hint of love.  For the one who loves, the fight against self and the acceptance of suffering in absolutely worth it.

Would not anyone desire going down a difficult path if one knew Love was at the end of the road, waiting?

As St. Angela points out if people could find God through riches, jewels, status, only a few would be able to reach Him. But, as all humans suffer, so it is that all men can find Love.

The lights on this path are patience and cheerfulness.

Pray for those two gifts when you are in pain.

The only thing which makes suffering worthwhile is Love, and He is a Person.

To be continued…

More Cardinal Manning

This section from Cardinal Manning’s book may not surprise some of you, but reveals the depth of evil he witnessed over one-hundred years ago.

“What is the condition of those nations that have broken away from the unity of the faith and of the Church of God? We see a country which, intoxicated with an excess of material power, is now daring, as a precursor to its own chastisement, to persecute the Church of Jesus Christ. A fatal extinction of supernatural light, the aberrations of false philosophy, the inflation of false science, the pride of unbelief, and a contemptuous scorn of those who believe, are preparing Germany for an overthrow or for suicide. The intellect of man in revolting from God falls from God, and falling from God, loses its own perfection; it thereby darkens itself, and, having lost the light and the knowledge of God, loses also the knowledge of His law.”

Amazing words written in 1875, which now could apply to Great Britain and the United States, to Ireland and to Italy

Are there still some Catholics who believe that God will not punish nations for the sins of abortion, contraception, divorce and remarriage without annulment, same-sex so-called marriage and a host of other serious sins?

As I sit in middle-class American surroundings, I am aware of the deep sleep into which most Catholics have fallen, perhaps never to be awakened until calamity strikes us all.

Manning states that in rejecting God, the “men of culture”, who he calls “stunted trees walking”,  have “rejected their own highest perfection.”

Spiritual knowledge, that gift of the Holy Spirit, is “confined to those who still abide in communion with God and in the grace of sanctification; becuase it is not only light, it is also love; it is not only the light by which we know the truth, but it is also the love of truth.”

Like my dear readers, I love the truth, which is why I persist, despite serious obstacles, in writing on this blog. That the gift of knowledge is “based on the cardinal virtue of prudence, which perfects the reason, and is elevated by faith, which illuminates the reason, is a gift I treasure, I shall keep writing until God closes the pages of this chapter in my life.

May I add one more key idea from Manning’s sections on knowledge and counsel. It is this.

“..there is a rational self-love which is a duty towards God. The suicide does not know the value of his own soul. He does not love himself; and he casts his life back in the face of his Maker, because he does not believe either in his Maker, or in his own eternity, or in his own responsibility. Therefore a rational love of self is out first duty next after the love of God; and the rational love of our neighbor springs from it.”

Someone asked me recently how one gets “discernment”. Although I have written on this before, let me repeat that discernment is a gift which comes in Confirmation with knowledge and counsel. Discernment is part of the rationality of the soul.

To be continued..

The World of Manning Is Our World

Manning describes what I see daily-dead minds, dead souls. He asks, “Why is it that so many people manifest no spark of this light (of the Holy Ghost)? What is it that destroys this gift which they have in them by Baptism? A mortal sin extinguishes it. By one mortal sin sanctifying grace and the love of God are lost; and with the love of God are lost this gift (of knowledge) and all the seven gifts….and…this Christian common sense—this light of the knowledge of our duty to God, and to our neighbour, and to ourselves—may be very faint and low. And what is it that clouds it? The venial sins that we commit so easily—sins of worldliness, sins of self-indulgence, sins of temper, sins of jealousy, sins of pride, sins of vain-glory, sins of sloth, and the like; wherever there is any sin, but, above all,  wherever there is any tampering with unbelief, wherever there is any parleying with the spirit of doubt, wherever the intellect which is in you is exposed by your own free will to the perversions of falsehood….”

Strong words, but such are necessary for us, the generation of persecution.

Be strong. Be quiet. Cling to God’s gifts.

To be continued….

Thoughts on Belief and Unbelief

This morning, as I have been typing these posts, my thoughts keep running back to Christoper Hitchens. I cannot help but think of him and his refusal to use the intellect which God granted him for finding the great love which could have comforted him.

He could have been a saint. Both Cardinal Manning and Fr. Chad Ripperger have told us of the greatest value of study and prayer.

It is very interesting to me that both St. Angela of Foligno and Cardinal Manning, writing 700 years apart or so, tell us about the first Book which must study.  Cardinal Manning states that the first book we must study is God. St. Angela tells us the Book of Christ is the beginning of our study and meditation on the road to perfection.

Cardinal Manning writes that the second most important book we can study is that of Jesus Christ Himself.

The third book is your own self. Manning says this: “When you have the light of God and the vision of the perfections of Jesus Christ in your intellect, then look into your own hearts. See what is your own state, and shape, and colour in the sight of God.”

Self-knowledge is essential for purgation and the attainment of perfection. Would that the great mind of Christopher Hitchens could have studied these three books? May God grant him mercy.

Manning sorrowfully writes that the 19th century has created the “greatest intellectual monster which the world has ever seen—an atheist, a man who denies the existence of God. And why does he deny his existence/ Because he has no perception of purity, of sanctity, of justice, of mercy, of truth—that is, of the moral perfections which constitute the character of the law as the transcript of the Lawgiver.”

Such are the men of the 21st century as well, and many call themselves “Catholic”…

Manning states that the highest act of reason is to believe in the Divine Teacher, and, to submit one’s intellect to the Catholic Church.

The action which follows is most noble-to share with others what has been given freely. 

“Nothing can be compared to the knowledge of Jesus Christ. Give it freely. Spread abroad this knowledge by word and deed; spread it right and left. Break the Bread you have received to all who stand in need of it. ‘Cast your bread upon the water, and you shall find it after many days.’ ‘In the morning sow thy seed, and in the evening hold not they hand, for thou knowest not which shall prosper.’ You shall find it in the great harvest home upon the eternal hills. ‘They that are learned [that is, with the science of God and of salvation] shall shine as the brightness of the firmament, and they that have instructed many unto justice as the stars to all eternity.’’

May God have mercy on me for attempting to do my little bit…

To be continued…

Not Proud To Be Catholics-The Great Fr. Hardon Answers

A new breed of Catholics have been brought to my attention. I call these Catholics the "Church Hiding".

They do not want anyone to know they are Catholics. They do not want to talk about Catholic things in public, at parties, with relatives.

They are hiding the greatest heritage a person can inherit-the Catholic Faith.

And, why?

Fear, timidity, lack of confidence?

Doubt, sin, loss of faith?

Not to want to share Catholicism may even be a sin. John Hardon said this.

What does re-evangelization mean? And we repeat – re-evangelization means restoring the Christian Faith to millions in our country who no longer believe that God became man in the person of Jesus Christ. They just don’t. You read the big thick book called Jesus Christ by the Dominican theologian Schillebex – if you read that and you still believe in series that I was asked to analyze for the Holy See. Bad, very bad! Widely used in one Catholic school after another in our country. Eight years of indoctrination in what we call Nestorian Christianity. That Christ had the same sex passions that we do. That is not only heresy or a lie. That is perversion!
Many of our once believing Catholics no longer believe that Christ died on the cross for the redemption of the human race; that Christ rose from the dead. A German bishop – not to be identified – he was elevated to the hierarchy and I have reason to think that he is now more Catholic than he was before he became a bishop. He wrote a very learned book in German published in different languages on Jesus Christ: the Resurrection is merely and only and exclusively something which those who want to believe in but we cannot establish that Christ really, truly rose from the dead in a human body. Millions of Catholics no longer believe that Christ instituted the sacraments.
It was here after one of our Sunday classes a lady came to me and told me she had just witnessed a baptism at which the priest baptizing the child before the baptism told everybody, “I want to make sure you understand that baptism does not remove original sin. Am I clear? Baptism does not remove original sin.” This can raise some very serious problems! Including, including how validly some priest are administering the sacraments. Now just because a priest does not believe that baptism removes original sin by itself does not invalidate his administration of the sacrament. But it does raise problems and that is why I was called twice by the Holy Father’s secretary, as I’ve told you last year, to do something! Do something to restore and, therefore, re-evangelize the Catholic faithful in your country in the Real Presence of Jesus Christ in the Blessed Sacrament.” One Catholic Church after another looks like a Quaker meeting hall. There are dioceses, I am told, where the bishop forbids the people to kneel during the consecration. I think I told you what I do with a group of men that I spoke here at Domino’s Farms on one Good Friday lecture that I gave them. “How many of you men will genuflect before the Blessed Sacrament? Well, who does not genuflect?” A dozen hands went up. “How many of you will always genuflect before the Blessed Sacrament?” About 50 hands went up. “Come, how many – how many of you?” Finally, every hand. Remember, for a man, this is a contract. The scandal, as I am sure you know, of the massive desecration of the Real Presence means we’ve lost their Faith in Jesus Christ being on earth in the Eucharist. 

It is easy to be proud to be a Catholic. But, many Catholics fear divisions in families, at work, in schools.


Re-evangelization is to be done in the same way as evangelization. Only you must work harder! Re-evangelization, therefore, is more demanding than evangelization of pagans. It is always harder to reconvert a former believer than it is to convert a non-Christian to Christianity or a non-Catholic to the Catholic Church. Re-evangelization is more difficult, it is less it’s appealing, is more costly in time, effort, and energy, and human resources. Then, I’m planning for the rest of the semester: How do we re-evangelize? We re-evangelize, that means we restore the Christian and Catholic Faith in our country, by doing five things:
  1. First, we learn our Catholic Faith!
    And the ignorance in allegedly learned circles of the Catholic Faith is abysmal.
  2. Secondly, by living our Catholic Faith.
    If we are going to convert others we had better be living bona fide authentic Catholic lives ourselves; otherwise people will say, “Well, if what you are telling me is the truth, then why has it been lost on you?”
  3. Thirdly, we must pray our Catholic Faith.
    And I mean pray. And I mean pray!. Back to my five days in a country rather where my parents were born – in the village from where my mother came – 500 people – I found out they are all related – every one of them. You meet somebody on the street – you don’t say hello or good morning. You say “Praise be Jesus Christ.” And the answer is, “Now and forever.” They pray! There is such a thing as praying all day. I knew I made a mistake coming to class here. Pray! We’ll talk about this!
  4. Fourth, share the Catholic Faith.
    I would welcome, by the way, any literature you can provide. In fact, we may even have some exhibits here for class of the way others are promoting whatever they are promoting – the Mormons, the Jehovah’s Witness, the Hari-Krishnas: Take the New Age people – they are there peddling their wares and have penetrated, as you know, many, if not most Catholic dioceses in America. You’ve got to learn some of their techniques. How zealous they are! How aggressive they are! I did tell you, didn’t I, of the two Mormons – two young men well dressed, meets me in Manhattan – came from the mother church in Salt Lake City to convert Father Hardon. I told them I was flattered! You’ve got to work on people. You’ve got to be shrewd. By the way, St. Ignatius in the 16thcentury – he was shrewd. So, whatever I have inherited from him – shrewdness – so share the Faith. You don’t hit people over the head, “You gotta become a Catholic!” No, you smile. They’re nice. When I began teaching at Western Michigan they forbade me, as I think I told you, to exercise any of my priestly ministry outside the classroom. There they told me not to evangelize. Well – so I got myself a job as a Catholic chaplain at the state hospital and when I finally cleared things with the Bishop and the superintendent, 14 people showed up for my first Mass in kind of a small auditorium they have there. So I thought to myself, and I asked the administrators – there must be more than 14 Catholics out of 3000 residents in the state hospital. I found there were over 600. You know what happened? The Protestants were paying mazuma. They were paying the people their money to come to their Sunday services. I had no money so I had to use other “Jesuitical” means. I told you what we did, didn’t I? Oh – I got the Protestants of Kalamazoo to form a committee. Of course, you know who was chairman of that committee – to build an inter-faith chapel on the premises of the state hospital. I told you about this, didn’t I? Oh yes! We got money from – we got $400,000. And, of course, remember, this was engineered by a person who had other plans in view. So in the contract, as long as Kalamazoo’s state hospital exists, it’s in writing, there must be a Catholic chapel within that larger chapel where the Blessed Sacrament’s permanently reserved. Isn’t that neat! Then we have the church filled. So we must share and share shrewdly.
  5. Finally, suffer!
    Let me just say a word about the last item. We usually think of suffering for our Catholic Faith. Well! That’s still true! But there is also such a thing as suffering the Catholic Faith. Meaning what? Meaning as Christ could not have been plainer in telling us! Finish the sentence as a class; “If you wish to be my disciples, you must”— “take up your cross daily and follow Me.” In other words, to be a Catholic, you’ve got to suffer! Well, let me change it. Can I use the blackboard or will that spoil it? Is that o.k. or is that too far away? I can use it. Is there chalk there? Pardon me! (inaudible …) There’s first such a thing as pain. Pain is whatever is contrary to the created will. We’ve touched on this before but here it comes to the very heart of what we are teaching. Whatever is contrary to what we want is pain. And the least pain we can suffer on earth is pain of the body. Whatever is contrary to our will is pain. You married people; you want your married partner to love you – if – I don’t say the married partner does not love you if you even think that maybe perhaps he or she does not love you – you already have pain. However, animals suffer pain but animals do not suffer.
    What is suffering? Suffering is a rational experience of pain. It is the experience of pain by a rational being. Because what is most painful about pain is not the pain – quote pain – it is my mind reflecting on the fact that I am suffering, that I’ve got the pain. I know what’s going on in me and I don’t like it. And the more I think about it the harder it becomes. I know people who are tempted to question even the existence of a God. What kind of a God is this that I am suppose to believe in? A God who allows innocent children to suffer! But that’s not all. Every human being suffers. Every human being! From the moment we are born, in fact – you have the use of reason already in a mother’s womb. I keep telling people unless we are totally anesthetized before we leave this world, we leave it in a spasm of pain. So everybody suffers but not everybody suffers willingly. So what is willing suffering? Suffering that I am willing to endure. That’s patience.
    Patience is the willing resignation to pain, the main resistance to the pain that I am experiencing. But that is still not the highest, but for our purpose the deepest meaning. We can suffer without wanting to and do everything in our power to resist. The pain doesn’t go away, in fact, stupidly the pain gets worse. You’ve got two kinds of pain; you’ve got the pain of whatever source is causing the suffering and you’ve got the pain of resisting the pain. Be smart, be patient! But that’s not enough! For us who believe in God becoming man, it is not only that we suffer willingly; it is that we choose to suffer. And that is sacrifice!
    When we say that one of the ways that we are to re-evangelize, which means to reconvert our nation – mostly Christianity and to the Catholic Faith – is suffering. I mean not only suffering for the Faith but suffering the Faith. Living a Faith which not only experiences pain, but realizes what I’ve been enduring, wants to endure it but even – what are we saying – chooses to suffer. And – here – you better be you better be not just a Catholic but a very deeply intelligent Catholic – I mean it – to believe – only experience can teach it! No books you can read will prove it to you. The deepest joy on earth is to choose to suffer out of love for God. You don’t find that in Adler or Freud or modern psychologists. All of this is locked up in what we are talking about. Namely, that by our suffering we evangelize of for our purpose re-evangelize those who have abandoned their Faith because how many people have told me it is the lives we live as Catholics that are the most powerful magnets for attracting other people to the Faith we profess. But you have to profess it, not just with your lips – oh no – you’ve got to profess it not only in your life but by your patient and, indeed, sacrificial, loving – not only acceptance – but even choice of suffering because then, then we make sense to the unbelieving world that Christianity must – it must be very deep. Look at what it does to human beings. It changes them from selfish persons to those who out of love for God even choose to suffer because they love Him. 

    And it is OUR duty as the laity to evangelize.

    More Fr. Hardon

    Who? There’s no doubt. The answer should be: It is the Catholic laity! And so why? And I have six reasons:
    1. The laity are empowered by the sacraments of Baptism and Confirmation to evangelize and re-evangelize other people. Nary in 2000 years of the Church’s legislation have the rights and responsibilities of the laity – I repeat – evangelize – for our purpose, re-evangelize, than the present Code of Canon Law. It is the laity!
    2. The laity are the most numerous members of the Mystical Body of Christ. And nobody has to delegate you or appoint you. This, by the way, is one of the major developments of doctrine in the Catholic Church introduced by the much maligned Second Vatican Council. There’s no longer a need for being – well – officially delegated, say by a bishop. No! All the lay person has to do or a group of lay people is to want to do what they believe before God – would be, say teaching the Faith, evangelization and all the bishop has to do, all he needs to do is to tolerate them in the diocese. Isn’t that neat? Oh wow – it works! Your numbers – organize! mobilize!
    3. Why are the laity mainly responsible? They are in direct contact and in daily association with a de-Christianized world in which we live. In other words, you can immediately have impact on those with whom you are dealing. As I was talking to one of the representatives in Washington, of one of the political parties and candidates, and I found out that one of the secretaries for one of the candidates is not a Catholic. So I said, “Why not?” “She’s not interested.” So I got the phone number. I’m going to call her up. Can’t lose!

      You’re in contact immediately with the people who have the power – political power, financial power, legal power.
    4. The laity are in positions of influence. In the world and on the world such as new priests or religious could possibly have. They are in charge of newspapers, magazines. Sometime ago I was in New York, St. Agnes Church, with Father George Rutler. You probably know Father Rutler, oh Father Rutler; he’s the Assistant Pastor. And I had some work in Manhattan – so I left my suitcases in the rectory to save myself luggage, came back before I took the flight out of New York. So we met, Father Rutler and I, and he introduced me to a couple he was giving instructions to, the editor and his wife of Sports Illustrated. And so he said, “Oh, by the way, look what we are using for instructions, The Catholic Catechism of the Catholic Church.” So you people are in contact with people of great influence. Use that influence. That’s why you’ve got it! If you’ve got money, that’s why you’ve got money. You’ve got money to be more powerful in sharing your Faith with others.
    5. The laity realize as mothers and fathers of families, as persons in the world, how business and politics, how deeply the de-Christianization of America has become. You should have no illusions, you are right there.
    6. Finally, the laity have the immediate experience of dealing with the secularized world in our day. They know, you know, how to cope with this world, how to affect it, how to change it, and with God’s grace, how to convert it back to Jesus Christ.